Sunday, October 8, 2023

MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator)

This theory was developed by Katharine Cook Briggs since World War II and lasted long enough for up to 50 years which was then continued by her daughter named Isabell Briggs Myers. MBTI is an instrument to illustrate the fundamental differences in healthy and normal human behavior. This instrument is taken from Carl Gustav Jung's theory of Psychological Types which based on Jung's typology theory, namely the function of the soul: sensation (S), intuition (N), feeling (F) and thinking (T), as well as soul attitudes: introverts (I) and extroverts (E). Jung's concept by Myers-Briggs was later made a psychotes as we know it today, the MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator).

8 myers-briggs instrumen:

1) Introverts (I) and Extroverts (E)

Introvert is more inward oriented (more trusting in oneself than trusting the world) and Extroverts are more outward oriented (trusting others, or more broadly, "the world", more than they believe themselves).

2) Intuition (N) and Sensing (S)

According to Jung, sensing and intuition are functions of perception, responsible for receiving or retrieving information. Watching television, smelling flowers, reading novels, and remembering something from memory are examples of perceptual activity. Unlike the assessment function, which often involves a sense of will and intent, the function of perception usually feels more passive, because most of our perceptions are handled automatically and unconsciously. 

3) Thinking (T) and Feeling (F)

Jung classifies thoughts and feelings as a function of judging. They are tasked with evaluating information, making decisions, and drawing conclusions. The main difference between thinking judgments and feeling judgments is the nature of their evaluative criteria. As we will see, thinkers tend to use logic-based impersonal criteria, while taste considers tastes and feelings — both their own and others — in making decisions.

4) Judging (J) and Perceiving (P)

Type J is outwardly firm, direct, and stubborn. They are more likely to express their views and desires directly through declarative statements. Type P, by contrast, is outwardly open, receptive, and adaptable. They are less inclined to express their opinions or impose their will on others. They tend to express things openly rather than declarative styles.

8 cognitive functions:

1) Introverted Intuition (Ni) collects conscious and subconscious information, and theories. It sees deep causes, patterns, and laws underlying sense data. It is characteristically penetrating and insightful.

2) Extraverted Intuition (Ne) surveys and creatively recombines a breadth of ideas, associations, patterns, and possibilities. It is characteristically innovative, divergent, open-ended, and non-discriminating. Outwardly, Ne users may present as scattered, random, quirky, witty, and ideationally curious. 

3) Introverted Sensing (Si) retains, consolidates, and recollects historical and autobiographical information. It attends to and draws on a concentrated body of past experiences, routines, and traditions (i.e., the “tried and true”). It forgoes the constant pursuit of new or broad experiences, finding safety and security in stability and consistency. It also surveys inner bodily sensations.

4) Extraverted Sensing (Se) seeks extensive outer stimulation in the “here and now”—new sights, sounds, tastes, experiences, etc. It is open-ended and nondiscriminating with respect to new experiences. It can also be associated with image-consciousness and observation skills, displaying a keen eye for detail. Outwardly, it may manifest as a recurrent desire for activities beyond talking (“Let’s do something!”).

5) Introverted Thinking (Ti) utilizes deep and nuanced logic to examine techniques, problems, concepts, or theories. It seeks self-regulation and self-optimization through the development of personal skills, methods, and strategies. It takes a skeptical and reductive approach toward knowledge.

6) Extraverted Thinking (Te) uses explicit logic, including standardized methods, measurements, policies, and procedures, to make systems and operations more rational, efficient, or effective. This often involves working as part of an institution, be it corporate, scientific, academic, etc. Outwardly, Te delivers opinions and directives in a firm, direct, measured, and unemotional fashion. It may at times be perceived as harsh, tactless, or unsympathetic. 

7) Introverted Feeling (Fi) explores and refines personal tastes and feelings, contributing to a strong sense of personal uniqueness. It is self-regulating and self-controlling, working to maintain inner emotional and moral order. It may also emotionally invest in a limited number of love objects, be they persons, animals, hobbies, or causes.

8) Extraverted Feeling (Fe) surveys a breadth of human emotions, values, and morals. It strives toward interpersonal rapport, consensus, and continuity. It can also be associated with effective communication and social intelligence, facilitating growth and transformation in others. Outwardly, it delivers opinions and directives in a direct yet tactful way, often with a sense of emotional urgency and conviction.


The Judging Functions:

Introverted Thinking (Ti)

Extraverted Thinking (Te)

Introverted Feeling (Fi)

Extraverted Feeling (Fe)


The Perceiving Functions:

Introverted Sensing (Si)

Extraverted Sensing (Se)

Introverted Intuition (Ni)

Extraverted Intuition (Ne)

MBTI is not only known as a place to know our talents and interests but also to know how we think in doing things. What is the way of thinking and feeling of an INTJ?  What is the way of thinking and feeling of an ENFP? How do they solve a problem? How do they make decisions? By understanding this we will be easier to understand others in life.

Read more in my first book (We Are Complex) which will be published in a few months ๐Ÿ˜Š



Drenth, Dr. A.J. (2017). My True Type: Clarifying Your Personality Type, Preferences & Functions. Inquire Books.

Hambali, Adang. Ujam Jaenudin. (2013). Psikologi Kepribadian (Lanjutan) Studi atas Teori dan Tokoh Psikologi Kepribadian. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Setiawati, Farida Agus. Agus Triyanto. Nanang Erma Gunawan. (2015). Implementasi MBTI untuk Pengembangan Karir Mahasiswa: Studi Perbedaan Tipe Kepribadian pada Mahasiswa Bimbingan Konseling, 8(2), 41-42.

Witt, Joel Mark. Antonia Dodge. (2018). Personality Hacker: Harness the Power of Your Personality Type to Transform Your Work, Relationships, and Life. Berkeley: Ulysses Press.


Submit the MBTI test results that you got from the Sakinorva site on this link to get a more complete analysis explanation from us (you can find out cognitive functions that are not developing, causes of stress and solutions for all that): MBTI (Cognitive Function) - Analyst

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